Nepal is the only Hindu country in the world and home to the largest Shiva temple in the world, the famous Pashupatinath Temple, where Hindus from all over the world come for pilgrimage. Near the Indian border, Lumbini, is a Buddhist pilgrimage site and UNESCO World Heritage Site site in the Kapilavastu district. It is held to be the birthplace in about 563 B.C. of Siddhartha Gautama, a Kshatriya caste prince of the Sakya clan, who, as the Buddha Gautama, gave birth to the Buddhist tradition.
Mountain fly-bys have become a popular tourist attraction in Nepal. Mountain Flight appeals to all categories of travelers. For those who are restricted by time or other considerations from going trekking, these early morning flights from Kathmandu offer a panaromic view of the Himalaya in just one hour. During the flight passenger can go the cockpit to take some spectacular pictures. Four airlines offer regular forages into the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas.